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Can Homeschooling Cause Depression?

Homeschooling has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its advantages, including the flexibility of hours, subjects chosen, and learning environment. While homeschooling can be a great option for some families, there is still debate about the long-term effects of homeschooling. One major issue of concern is mental health, specifically depression.

This article will explore the different aspects of homeschooling that could lead to depression in some homeschooled children.

What Is Depression?

Depression can be defined as an intense, persistent feeling of sadness and helplessness. It can also include the inability to experience pleasure or joy from activity, relationships, or accomplishments.

Symptoms of depression can range from difficulty sleeping, to low energy levels, to unexplained fatigue, to a feeling of disconnection from other people, to recklessness and risk-taking behavior. It is important to note that depression can affect different people differently and often impacts multiple areas of a person’s life.

Family Environment

Homeschooling often places greater emphasis on the family unit, meaning that parents and siblings are spending much more time with one another. In some cases, this can lead to feelings of disconnection, insecurity, and anxiety.

Homeschooled children may not have regular opportunities to interact with other children, or they may feel isolated from the larger world. This can lead to increased feelings of loneliness and depression. Additionally, homeschooling can place additional demands on the family, such as providing course materials, equipment, or space.

This can add to the stress of the family, creating feelings of tension and conflict.

Learning Techniques

Homeschooling can provide homeschooled children with more autonomy over their educational path. This is typically seen as a positive aspect of homeschooling, allowing for more exploration and creativity in their learning. However, this autonomy can also be a source of stress.

Without regular teacher guidance, children may struggle with meeting standards and expectations. Without feedback from a mentor, it can be difficult to stay motivated.

The lack of socialization from peers can also make learning more difficult, leading to feelings of discouragement, frustration, and even depression.


As previously mentioned, homeschooled children may lack the full opportunities for socialization that some traditional school settings offer. Homeschooled children may not have opportunities to establish close friendships, or find themselves missing out on important developmental milestones that come with traditional types of education.

Furthermore, the pressure to keep up with their age group can be quite taxing. Fearing they may not fit in or be socially accepted can create feelings of anxiety and insecurity, and ultimately, depression.


Being homeschooled is often associated with negative stereotypes about intelligence, lifestyle choices, and social interactions. As a result, homeschooled children may feel like they are lacking in some way compared to their peers who attend traditional school.

This can create feelings of loneliness and inadequacy, leading to depression. Additionally, homeschooled children may feel pressure to “prove themselves” to others who believe they are too sheltered or not equipped to be successful.

Online Involvement

Many homeschooled children participate in online learning or use online resources to supplement their education. While this can be beneficial in many ways, it can also be a source of stress and anxiety.

Homeschooled children may feel pressure to compete with online peers, or may find the online environment overwhelming due to the deluge of information and fast pace. The anonymity of online interaction can also lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, increasing the risk for depression.

Access to Services

Some parents of homeschooled children may not have the resources or access to the same types of mental health services and support as parents of children enrolled in traditional schools. The lack of outside help can lead to increased pressure on the parent and child to manage the emotional and psychological impact of homeschooling.

Financial Stress

Homeschooling can be an expensive option, with fees for course materials, equipment, and educational trips or field trips. For many households, these costs can be a source of financial strain, leading to increased stress levels in the home.

This increased stress can lead to depression in both parents and children as they try to keep up with the demands of homeschooling.

Parental Involvement

Homeschooling often requires a greater degree of parental involvement than traditional schooling. In some cases, parents may set unrealistic expectations or they may feel overwhelmed by the burden of homeschooling.

This can lead to parental stress, which can have a direct effect on the emotional wellbeing of the child. Homeschooled children can also feel guilty, overwhelmed, or underappreciated as a result of their parents’ involvement in their education.

Lack of Structure

Homeschooling can provide a great opportunity for children to explore their interests and tailor their learning to their goals. However, the lack of structure and discipline can also lead to feelings of restlessness, aimlessness, and even depression.

The lack of strict guidelines for learning can contribute to a lack of focus or motivation, leading to feelings of discouragement.

Lack of Guidance

Homeschooled children do not have the same access to expert guidance and instruction as those enrolled in traditional schools. This can contribute to feelings of loneliness, inadequacy, and insecurity, which can ultimately lead to depression.

Homeschooled children may also not be adequately equipped to handle their own education and may feel overwhelmed by the lack of support.


Homeschooling can provide a great opportunity for children to explore their interests and tailor their learning to their goals. However, the lack of socialization, structure, guidance, and access to services can lead to depression in some homeschooled children.

It is important for parents to closely monitor their children’s mental health and address any issues as they arise. Additionally, parents should create an environment that promotes learning and socialization, allows for autonomy, and recognizes the unique needs of their homeschooled children.

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