Homeschooling is a growing trend across the United States, with parents eager to take a more hands-on approach to their children’s education. While the reasons vary, homeschooling numbers are climbing, and research suggests that parents are overwhelmingly choosing to homeschool their children due to dissatisfaction with the public school system, a passion for teaching, an emphasis on religious education, or a desire to provide unique educational opportunities. This article sets out to answer the question, Who homeschools the most?
We’ll review the latest research and statistics to provide a comprehensive answer to this question and other key points related to the homeschooling trend.
Where Does Homeschooling Take Place?
Homeschooling families can be found all across the U. S. , from small towns to large cities.
In fact, homeschooling takes place in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia, with nearly 7 million children being homeschooled in the U.
S. in 202
This number has been steadily increasing since 2011, with a surge of new homeschoolers in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In terms of state-level trends, seven in ten homeschoolers live in the South, with California and Texas reported with the highest number of homeschoolers. The Midwest, meanwhile, constitutes 21% of homeschooling students.
Interestingly, rural homes have the highest homeschooling rate, while large cities report the lowest rate.
Who Homeschools the Most?
Although homeschoolers come in all shapes and sizes, there are some overall demographic trends associated with homeschoolers. According to data from the National Home Education Research Institute, approximately 78% of homeschoolers have a mother and a father in the home, 13% have a single mother, and 9% have a single father. In addition, 81% of homeschooled families report having two parents with a college degree, 44% report having an annual household income between $75,000 and $99,999, and 28% report having an annual household income of over $100,000.
Additionally, 57% of homeschooling families are white, 16% identify as Black, 11% identify as Asian, 7% identify as Latino, and 4% identify as American Indian. What’s more, research suggests that homeschoolers are overwhelmingly motivated by religious beliefs, with 68% of respondents listing Christian beliefs as the primary motivating factor for homeschooling.
Other common motivating factors include non-religious philosophical or ideological beliefs (24%) and dissatisfaction with the academic instruction or environment of public or private schools (24%).
What are the Benefits of Homeschooling?
The benefits of homeschooling vary from family to family, but research suggests that homeschoolers tend to outperform their traditionally-educated peers both academically and socially. In terms of academic achievement, homeschoolers tend to score higher grades on standardized tests, with nearly half scoring in the top fifth of students in their respective subject areas. In terms of social impact, homeschooling can bring a number of important benefits.
Homeschoolers often develop strong bonds with their parents and siblings, as well as other individuals in the homeschooling community. In addition, homeschooling allows families to develop a personalized education curriculum based on their individual needs, interests, and desires.
As a result, homeschooling families have greater control over their children’s education and can ensure that they are receiving a quality, holistic education. Finally, homeschooling offers important financial advantages.
Homeschoolers often save money on supplies, tuition costs, and other associated expenses. Additionally, homeschooling can give parents the flexible schedule and lifestyle that inspired their decision to homeschool in the first place.
Homeschooling continues to be a popular choice for parents in the United States, and the data and research clearly supports the assertion that homeschoolers are largely motivated by parental satisfaction, religious beliefs, and personal ideology. When it comes to who homeschools the most, parents in the South, with two college-educated parents and an annual household income between $75k and $100k, and of the Christian faith report the highest levels of homeschooling.
This is followed by parents in the Midwest, with single mothers and non-religious beliefs reporting the second highest levels. Homeschooling offers many benefits in terms of academic achievement, social development, and parental satisfaction. Ultimately, families considering homeschooling should research their options and pursue the option that works best for their family.