An examination of the world’s school systems reveals that there is a vast range of difficulty when it comes to curriculum. This article will explore and identify which countries around the world have the simplest education systems, taking into account primary, secondary, and tertiary education.
It will discuss the various academic standards, grading systems, and curriculums at play around the world and where there is room for improvement.
Low School Enrollment Rates
The first country to consider when examining which country has the easiest curriculum is a nation with low school enrollments. Low enrollment can be indicative of a simpler curriculum, as fewer students are enrolled in schools and fewer demands are put on the educational system. According to reports, Namibia has arguably the lowest school enrollment rate worldwide, with only 10% of its 15-19 year olds enrolled in secondary education.
As a result, the Namibian schools and curriculum are quite basic, with fewer students, fewer resources, and limited technological advancements. Another country with a low school enrollment rate is Afghanistan.
Here, only 4 million out of 9 million students are enrolled in schools, meaning that the national curriculum is simpler and more basic than that of other countries.
Afghanistan’s curriculum focuses mainly on reading and writing, and it is heavily influenced by religious and cultural traditions. Additionally, with such a high percentage of students being out of school, this means that fewer people are learning the principles of mathematics and sciences in the classroom, making the curriculum simpler.
Underdeveloped Academic Standards
Another key factor to consider when determining which country has the easiest curriculum is the level of underdevelopment in their academic standards. Of the countries that have the most underdeveloped academic standards, Afghanistan and Somalia stand out, as both countries lack the resources to develop their assignments and curriculum further.
In Afghanistan, the curriculum is mostly centered around religious study, with very little in terms of math and science being included. Additionally, due to the lack of resources, most curriculums in Afghanistan are outdated, meaning that most students do not have access to modern educational materials. Somalia is another country with a largely underdeveloped curriculum.
In Somalia, academic standards are low, with poor literacy rates and limited access to resources. Additionally, due to the prevalence of violence and instability in the country, students often lack the motivation to complete assignments and coursework, making the curriculum even simpler.
Easy Grading Systems
Grading systems can also have an impact on which country has the easiest curriculum. Generally, countries with easier grading systems have simplified curriculums and fewer expectations on their students.
Afghanistan has arguably one of the simplest grading systems worldwide, where marks are often not given in subjects such as mathematics or science. Instead, Afghan teachers are encouraged to focus on encouraging students’ knowledge and providing them with moral guidance. Similarly, Somalia also has an incredibly relaxed grading system.
Somalian educators often encourage their students to think and work independently, meaning that grades and marks are typically awarded based on a student’s ideas and how they express them, rather than on how much knowledge they have learned.
No National Curriculum
In some countries, the lack of a national curriculum can make for a simpler educational system. In Somalia, for example, there is no one set curriculum – instead, each school writes its own syllabus, making it easier for teachers to focus on the topics they are comfortable teaching.
Additionally, due to Somalia’s lack of resources, most schools are unable to offer a wide range of subject matter, meaning that their syllabus is often quite simple compared to that of other countries. The same could be said of Afghanistan. Here, there is no nationally defined curriculum, meaning that each school is able to determine which topics are taught and which are not.
This often leads to a simpler curriculum, as schools need to focus solely on the topics they have the resources for.
Limited Educational Resources
Another factor to consider when determining which country has the easiest curriculum is access to resources. In countries with limited resources, curriculums tend to be simpler because of the shortage of staff, materials, and technology available.
Such is the case in Afghanistan, where there is a significant shortage of resources in classrooms. This means that students have limited access to modern educational tools and materials, making for a simpler curriculum. Similarly, in Somalia, access to educational resources is extremely limited.
Many of the schools do not have the resources to ensure that their students have access to computers, books, and other materials. As a result, the curriculum is simpler and more basic than it would be in countries with more resources.
Content Focused on Basic Skills
When considering which country has the easiest curriculum, it is also important to take into account the content of the curriculum. In countries with lower academic standards, courses tend to focus on basic skills such as reading and writing, with little opportunity to expand on these topics. For example, in Afghanistan, the curriculum focuses primarily on basic language and literacy skills, with very little opportunity for students to take more advanced courses in mathematics and science.
Additionally, due to the lack of resources, students do not have access to more advanced materials and technology, meaning that their curriculum is quite basic. The same can be said for Somalia’s curriculum.
Here, students spend much of their time focusing on the basics of reading, writing, and math. There is very little opportunity for students to learn more complex topics such as science, engineering, and technology due to the limited resources and lack of access to that kind of knowledge.
Overall, when considering which country has the easiest curriculum, several factors must be taken into account. Countries such as Afghanistan, Somalia, and Namibia are good examples of countries with simple, basic curriculums due to their low school enrollments, limited resources, and lack of a national curriculum.
Additionally, these countries also have simpler grading systems, focusing on encouraging students’ knowledge and providing them with moral guidance. Thus, by examining these key factors, it can be argued that these countries have the simplest education systems and curriculum worldwide.