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What Are The 3 Main Planning Strategies

Planning is key for achieving success for anything, whether it is short-term goals or long-term visions. Planning is the most important activity for people who want to progress in life and accomplish what they have planned. Knowing the different strategies and techniques for effective planning can help an individual to reach their promised goals and even beyond.

In this article, we will be discussing three main planning strategies that can be used to improve one’s work performance and help achieve success with any kind of project.

1. SWOT Analysis

SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. This is an essential planning tool and encourages the search for the effective ideas before starting a project. It is a type of brainstorming process that helps to identify the current situation of the project and how best to utilize the available resources.

This kind of analysis allows businesses to gain a better understanding of their internal and external environment, so they can make better decisions when planning projects. By conducting a SWOT analysis, businesses can identify their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to better help them understand the current situation, optimize their strategies, and gain a competitive edge.

For example, a business that is looking to develop a new product might use SWOT to identify their strengths in the area of research and development and their weaknesses when it comes to marketing and sales. Therefore, by conducting a thorough SWOT analysis, businesses can identify their weaknesses and threats in order to make more efficient decisions when planning a project.

2. Outcome-Based Planning

Outcome-based planning is a comprehensive approach to planning a project. It involves defining the desired outcomes for the project, and then dividing the project into short-term and long-term goals that can be used to measure progress towards achieving those desired outcomes.

The process involves considering the available resources that can be used to reach the desired outcome, and then planning and deciding where the resources should be allocated. Outcome-based planning is a powerful tool for project managers who are looking to achieve a good result, as it encourages them to manage the project after setting clear-cut specific goals. It also encourages the evaluation of the available resources to establish the most effective ways of using them towards achieving the desired goals.

Therefore, it helps project managers to identify the main tasks that will lead to the desired outcome, as well as the resources necessary to complete those tasks.


PERT stands for program evaluation and review technique. It is a project scheduling and control technique that relies on critical paths and support paths to determine the optimal amount of time required to complete a project. PERT has a great advantage over other types of project scheduling techniques as it is able to account for a project’s variability.

The PERT technique is used to analyze all the possible paths (or pathways) of a project’s timeline. By analyzing the possible paths of a project, PERT helps project managers identify and address any potential problems or tasks that may delay the project and cause it to be delayed.

PERT can also be used to predict the overall project’s duration based on the estimated time for each task. This is a great advantage, as it reduces the amount of time wasted by the project team when planning their project.


Although there are many different planning strategies, the three discussed here are some of the most useful and commonly employed planning tactics. SWOT analysis is a great way to analyze the internal and external environment of a project, outcome-based planning is an effective way to plan project goals and objectives, and PERT is an effective way to analyze the timeline of a project.

By utilizing these three strategies, a project manager is better able to effectively plan and obtain successful results. By carefully analyzing the internal and external environment, setting achievable goals and objectives, and identifying the optimal pathways of a project, a team is better able to achieve its desired outcomes. Therefore, the application of these three planning strategies can greatly improve the effectiveness of a team in terms of planning and achieving their desired outcomes.

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